Canine Leptospirosis: Dog Owners Must Read This!

Leptospirosis is a bacterial disease that affects dogs and other canines. In humans, it can cause fever, jaundice, muscle pain, and kidney failure. It is considered a leading cause of death in dogs, accounting for up to 50% of cases. The good news is that there is a vaccine available to help protect your dog from this deadly infection. In this blog article, we will give you a complete guide to canine leptospirosis disease and tips to protect your dog from it!

What is Canine Leptospirosis?

Canine Leptospirosis is a viral, bacterial disease that can be fatal in dogs. It is contracted through the contact of infected urine, saliva, or blood with the mucous membranes of any part of the body of a dog or cat. Serious cases may also occur from contact with contaminated surfaces or water.

The virus is typically spread through the respiratory secretions of an infected dog. It can also be spread through contact with wild animals, especially raccoons and skunks, or from contaminated objects or surfaces. Canine Leptospirosis can cause fever, muscle aches, vomiting, diarrhea, and liver problems. In severe cases, it can also lead to kidney failure and death.

canine leptospirosis
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Signs and Symptoms

Infectious canine leptospirosis (ICL) is a zoonotic bacterial disease that can be contracted from various sources, including wild and domestic animals. Clinical signs of ICL in dogs include fever, anorexia, vomiting, diarrhea, and bloody urine. The disease can rapidly progress to severe kidney failure and death.

To identify ICL in your dog, take note of the following symptoms: fever over 38 degrees C (100 degrees F), anorexia, vomiting, diarrhea, or blood in the urine. If you think your dog may have contracted ICL, contact your veterinarian immediately for Diagnostic testing.

Dogs with ICL generally develop laboratory abnormalities within two to six days after exposure to the virus; however, some dogs may only show mild clinical signs at first. For this reason, early diagnosis is critical for successful treatment outcomes. If you suspect your dog has contracted ICL, it is important to seek veterinary care as soon as possible. Early diagnosis significantly increases the chances of a successful outcome and reduces the risk of permanent kidney damage or even death from the virus.

How Does Canine Leptospirosis Spread?

The disease is spread through the saliva of an infected animal. And also, it can be contracted through close contact with an infected dog, water, or soil contaminated with the bacterium Leptospira interrogans. The illness usually lasts two to six weeks but can be fatal if not treated promptly.

Although leptospirosis is most commonly found in rural areas with a high prevalence of rodents, it has also been reported in urban areas with more dogs and other animals. Dogs who are immune-compromised or elderly are at greater risk for developing the disease.


There is no cure for canine leptospirosis, but there are treatments that can help manage the disease. Treatment may include antibiotics and fluids to support the dog’s internal organs, as well as supportive care to improve its overall health. Many dogs will recover completely with treatment, but some may experience long-term health problems.

If your dog is showing signs of leptospirosis, it is important to get him vaccinated against the disease. Vaccination is the best way to protect your dog from leptospirosis and other diseases.

canine leptospirosis treatment
Love to Know Pets

How Can You Prevent Canine Leptospirosis in Your Dog?

There are a few things you can do to help prevent canine leptospirosis in your dog. Ensure your dog is vaccinated against the disease; if he isn’t, get vaccinated as soon as possible. If you think your dog may have contracted the disease, take him to a vet immediately for testing and treatment. And lastly, keep an eye out for any signs of the disease in your dog and take action if you see them.


If you have a dog and are concerned about its health, I recommend that you read this article carefully so that you can take the necessary steps to protect them. By following our advice, you will be helping your pet to stay healthy and avoid potentially devastating consequences. Thank you for reading this blog article!

Also read: Why You Should Get A Pet

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